WOOD SPECIES AND TREATMENTS
We source a variety of FSC-certified domestic hardwood lumber to customize any project with different grades and finishes available. Pictured below are some examples of our most commonly used wood species and finishes, while we also offer additional stains other than what is pictured. Please inquire for additional photo examples of materials and finishes to: firstname.lastname@example.org
Amongst the different materials and finishes we offer as as follows:
WOOD TREATMENTS & DYES:
Natural / no dye
Gray dye (heavy or light application)
“Darkening” (brown dye in a heavy or light application)
“Whitewashing” (wood bleaching treatment)
“Ebonizing” (wood blackening dye in a heavy or light application)
DIMENSIONAL LUMBER SPECIES:
Black Walnut (common grade and clear grade available)
"Common” Dimensional Walnut | Sometimes referred to as rustic grade, characteristics include knots, slight traces of sapwood and color variation, and overall more wild in character and grain pattern. Most of our designs pictured on our store page are made with common grade walnut.
"Clear” Dimensional Walnut | Highest grade of FSC-certified dimensional walnut lumber. Clear grade walnut is often referred to as “prime” or “select”, sourced from the center most part of the tree. Characteristics include few—to-no knots, minimal sapwood or color variation, and mild/mellow grain patterns.
ALL FINISH OPTIONS ARE LOW-VOC FOR PEACE-OF-MIND, YET DURABLE FOR EVERYDAY USE.
WOOD FINISH OPTIONS
Each wood finish has different durability properties and maintenance requirements:
01: Eco-Friendly Hardwax-Oil Finish
Our preferred finishing method and product, made from environmentally-friendly components for eco-conscious customers. Osmo Polyx Oil is derived from natural plant oils and waxes, providing a hard-wearing and protective surface that is resistant to common liquid spills. The finish maintains the natural look and feel of the wood, all while offering protection and durability. One major advantage of hardwax oil is that it’s incredibly easy to repair/maintain, and in the event that minor signs of use occur the finish can be spot repaired with no overlap marks. With Osmo's maintenance liquid wax cleaner it's simple and quick to bring the finish "back to life" (products can be found here: Osmo Liquid Wax Cleaner and here: Osmo Hardwax Oil Finish). To avoid minor signs of use, we recommend using coasters under serveware containing hot or cold liquids as well as cleaning up spills so as to not leave any moisture to set in over long periods that can cause spots or rings to occur to maintain the condition of the wood. We are ever-committed to reducing the amount of VOC (Volatile Organic Compounds) we emit during our production process for environmentally conscious reasons, and are also trying to reduce the amount of toxins that our crew is exposed to for health safety precautions. Additionally, the hardwax-oil is a rub-on application (vs. other harsher methods such as spray-on which causes the finish to become airborne), and can be continuously DIY applied to refresh the wood on your table.
*Included in pricing for all items listed on our store page*
02: Conversion Varnish Finish
Since 2012 we have been using a spray-on low VOC conversion varnish. This finish offers a nice satin sheen with an exceptional durable ‘film’ finish. In our earlier stages after trying out a dozen different finishes, we decided upon the conversion varnish as our primary finish due to the desired sheen of the finish in conjunction with it's superior durability. It is one of the most durable finishes available, while it's chemical makeup allows for elasticity with seasonal wood movement. However it’s important to note that the finish is difficult to repair in the event that any significant damages occur that exposes bare wood, where the wood would need to be transported to a professional to restore the entire surface. For these reasons, we also offer a more easily DIY-maintained finish, Osmo hardwax oil (outlined above in option 1, included in pricing on all products listed on our store page).
*Due to the lengthier process involved with the varnish prep and application, there is an up-charge fee of apprx. +$150 for this option. Specific upgrade costs per item will be outlined in each listing description*
03: Water-based Varnish
This option is an ultra-low VOC, water-based wood finish that delivers a quality level similar to oil-based coatings, but without the hazards of traditional solvents. A quick-drying finish that’s true to traditional finishing methods while delivering high-performance durability. The finish has a tendency to "soften" the wood color and give a very slight grey undertone effect with a satin sheen, retaining the natural character of the wood grain.
*Due to the lengthier process involved with the varnish prep and application, there is an up-charge fee of apprx. +$95 for this option. Specific upgrade costs per item will be outlined in each listing description*
WOOD FINISH OVERVIEW:
HARDWAX-OIL VS. CONVERSION VARNISH PROS AND CONS
Conversion Varnish | Gemini Coatings
Amongst the most up-front durable finishes available
High build, strong film finish with elasticity
Low-VOC (275 VOC)
UV protective, water resistant
Can last a lifetime if properly cared for
Will withstand spills/liquids from seeping into the wood
Smooth texture, mild satin sheen
Though the finish has exceptional up-front durability, it cannot be spot repaired and requires a professional to refinish
Hardwax-Oil Finish | Osmo Polyx Oil Pure
Can be spot repaired easily at home/in place
High resistance/durability to normal use
Made from plant oils and waxes / Low-VOC
Superior in terms of maintenance and application
Will never crack or flake
Durable, with "natural" look/feel
Smooth texture, mild satin sheen
Requires a bit more up-front precautionary care
Spilled liquids must be cleaned up and not left to set in